Schizura concinna (J.E. Smith, 1797)

93-0103

Red-humped Caterpillar Moth

Identification

Adults

Schizura concinna is a small to medium size prominent moth (FW length 14–16 mm.) with a mottled light blue-gray and reddish brown forewing that flies east of the Columbia Basin and in western Oregon during the summer.  Males have a lighter colored and more mottled forewing than the females.  The predominant pattern in both sexes is light gray on the anterior and distal wing, with darker red-brown and black streaks at the base and posterior margin.  The lines are barely evident, with vestiges on the costa and veins in most specimens.  The most prominent marks are a thin black basal dash, punctate discal spot (lacking in some specimens), and one or two black streaks near the apex.  Males have white hindwings with black at the anal angle.  The female hindwing is dark gray.  The thorax is brownish gray in males and browner in females, with weak posterior tufts.  The male antenna is bipectinate with a long narrow distal portion, while that of the female is simple.

This species can be recognized by its streaky red-brown, light gray, and black forewing in combination with a white hindwing with black near the anal angle.  Itresembles Oligocentria semirufescens in color and pattern, but this species is larger and has narrower wings.  It is less streaky in pattern, especially in males, and dark brown is limited to the posterior wing base unlike in S. concinna in which the dark extends to the outer margin.  Schizura concinna is more smoothly patterned and has more extensive red-brown color than any of our other Schizura species.

This species is transferred to the genus Oedemasia Packard in a recent check list of New World prominents (Becker 2014).

Larvae

The larva has short hairly scoli or tubercles, is orange with black and white lateral stripes, and has a red thoracic hump.  It is illustrated by Miller Hammond (2003).

Habitat

This species is common to abundant in hardwood forests, riparian zones, and urban areas throughout North America based on collection of early stages.  However, adults may not be attracted strongly to lights and are rarely collected.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

This species has a curious distribution in the Pacific Northwest.  It is restricted to the eastern part of our region in the northern part of its range, occurring in southeastern British Columbia, the adjacent Idaho Panhandle, and eastern Washington.  Further south it is found much further west in western Oregon and is absent from the interior of that state and southern Idaho.

Global

This species is broadly distributed throughout much of eastern North America where it occurs from southern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico.  It is found throughout California along the Pacific Coast but is absent from the Rocky Mountains and Intermountain regions.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a generalist hardwood feeder using a very wide diversity of trees and shrubs in the families Fagaceae, Betulaceae, Rosaceae, Aceraceae, Rhamnaceae, Ericaceae, and many others.  The larvae are sometimes pests in fruit orchards.

Adults

Adults appear to be single brooded and are most commonly found in mid- to late summer.  They are nocturnal and come to light, although perhaps not as strongly as most other night-flying moths.  Like other prominent moths they do not feed as adults.

Economic Importance

Larvae are sometimes pests in fruit orchards.

Literature

BugGuide

Miller & Hammond (2003)

Moth Photographers Guide

Powell & Opler (2009)

Forbes (1948)

Becker (2014)