Cryphia cuerva (Barnes, 1907)

93-2200

Identification

Adults

Cryphia cuerva is a small (FW length 10 - 13 mm) very variable greenish to gray moth with a lichen-like pattern that flies predominantly east of the Cascade crest in the late summer and fall. The forewing is relatively short with a slightly pointed apex and convex outer margin. The color is very variable, especially in darkness. It range from dark olive gray to yellowish gray to pale olive gray. Very light specimens have a nearly even forewing in terms of darkness with markings consisting of black lines and spots, while most dark specimens have lighter wing base and/or distal wing beyond the postmedial line with markings consisting of the pale inner filling of the lines and spots. The lighter areas in dark specimens are mottled green. The basal, antemdial, and postmedial lines partially double, filled with lighter scales, and are irregularly irregular across the wing. The antemedial line is toothed toward the outer margin between the orbicular and claviform spots and angled sharply toward the outer margin near the trailing margin. The median line is evident near the costal margin in lighter specimens. The postmedial line has a square shape around the reniform spot, is drawn sharply toward the base of the wing on the costal margin, and is obliqued toward the base from the lower reniform spot to the trailing margin. The subterminal line is dark and irregular although not always present. The terminal line is broken at the veins. The fringe is checkered with the ground color and black. The orbicular and reniform spots are similar with an outer black and an inner paler line and darker central filling. These spots are close to each other. The claviform spot is black, evident in pale specimens. The hindwing is light gray with a slightly darker submarginal shade, a small gray discal spot, and a gray fringe. The head and thorax match the wing ground color, with the head slightly lighter than the thorax. The male antenna is filiform.

This small moth is most similar to Cryphia olivacea. This species is slightly larger and browner in color. Its orbicular spot is filled with white with a small black central ocellus, more prominent than the orbicular spot of C. cuerva. Lacinipolia strigicollis can have a lichen-like forewing pattern but differs in many details of the maculation, including a pale hindwing. It also has hairs on the eyes that are lacking in Cryphia and other members of the subfamily Bryophilinae.

Habitat

This species is common and widely distributed throughout the Pacific Northwest in dry rocky habitats.  These include barren rocky ridgetops in the Siskiyou Mountains, Cascades, and Rocky Mountains at high elevations, but also rocky canyonlands and rock outcrops at middle to low elevations east of the Cascades.  It is particularly abundant on dry, open lava flows in the Cascades.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Cryphia cuerva is commonly encountered east of the Cascades and Coast Mountains as far north as south-central British Columbia. It occurs uncommonly west of the Cascades but has been collected in the San Juan Islands in Washington and in the Siskiyou Mountains in southwestern Oregon.

Global

This is a West Coast species. It occurs widely in northern California, and along the coast to the southwestern part of the state. It has also been collected in extreme southwestern Alberta.

Life History

Larvae

No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but it probably feeds on rock lichens like related species.

Adults

Adults fly in the late summer and fall although a few individuals have been found as early as June. They usually become common in August and fly through September. This species is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Moth Photographers Group

Powell & Opler (2009)