Galgula partita Guenée, 1852

93-2249

Wedgling Moth

Identification

Adults

Galgula partita, the Wedgling, is a small sexually dimorphic noctuid moth (FW length 10 - 12 mm) with pointed apical forewings and yellow-brown to orange-brown males with a dark brown patch on the costa in the median area and shiny dark maroon females with limited markings that flies is wet forests during the summer. The forewing markings are most evident in the lighter colored males. The dark patch on the costa is located between the orbicular and reniform spots, both of which are faint with thin dark brown outer and light yellowish inner components and filling of the ground color. The lines other than the postmedial line are barely visible. The postmedial line is comprised of a medial red-brown and an outer light yellow component. It is very smooth, nearly straight, and is strongly oblique across the with from anterolateral to posteromedial. The line is followed by dark dots on the veins. The very faint pale subterminal line is followed by a darker terminal area. The forewing color of the females is darkest from the postmedial line to the base; the dark patch on the costa is barely darker than the rest of the wing. The hindwing is light gray-brown in males, slightly darker gray toward the outer margin, with a two-toned gray fringe. That of females is dark blackish gray with a pale whitish fringe. The head and thorax color match the forewings in both sexes. The male antenna is filiform.

Neither sex of this distinctive small species is likely to confused with other moths in our region.

Habitat

This species is widely distributed in moist forest habitats throughout much of North America.  In the Pacific Northwest, it is mostly limited to coastal rainforests of the Coast Range and along the west slope of the Cascades at low elevations, and in mixed hardwood-conifer forests at middle to high elevations in the Cascades.  It is usually uncommon to rare.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

This species is found in wet forests in the western part of the Pacific Northwest west of the Coast Range and Cascade Crests.

Global

This species has a wide distribution in wet forests throughout North America as far north as southern Canada in the East and again in British Columbia.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a foodplant specialist feeding on wood-sorrels (Oxalis spp.) in the Oxalidaceae.

Adults

This species is known to fly throughout the year in southern portions of its range. In the Pacific Northwest it has been collected in the spring and fall. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Covell (1984)

Moth Photographers Group

Powell & Opler (2009)