Neleucania praegracilis (Grote, 1877)

93-3169

Identification

Adults

Neleucania praegracilis is a small (FW length 14 mm) moth with a longitudinally streaked dry grass-colored forewing and pale coppery hindwings that flies in eastern Idaho during the summer. The apex of the forewing is slightly pointed and the outer margin is straight from the apex to near the anal angle. The streaked appearance is due to light ground color and veins with slightly darker shading along each side of the pale veins, darkest along the entire cubital vein and on the distal portion of the wing near the apex. The transverse lines are represented by small black dots on the veins, limited to near the trailing margin at the antemedial line and across most of the wing at the postmedial line. A series of even smaller dots between veins forms the terminal line. Other lines and spots are absent. The fringe is the ground color. The hindwing is even light copper colored without dark suffusion in specimens from Idaho, but even dark gray forms are found in other portions of the range. The terminal line is slightly darker than the rest of the wing, and the fringe is slightly lighter. The head and thorax are similar to the forewing color, slightly darker anteriorly. The eye surface is hairy. The male antenna is filiform.

This species is most similar to Mythimna oxygala in the tribe Leucaniini which has a similar shape and forewing pattern. These species are most easily separated by the color of the hindwing, without dark suffusion in N. praegracilis and suffused with dark gray centrally and on the veins in M. oxygala. Specimens of N. praegracilis with dark hindwings are uniform in color, not suffused centrally with gray as in M. oxygala.

Habitat

The habitat of this species is dry open juniper forest in southern Idaho.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Neleucania praegracilis has only been found in southeastern Idaho in the Northwest.

Global

This species is found on the Great Plains and in the Southwest. The range extends from California to western Texas across Arizona and New Mexico. The range extends north to southern Alberta through Colorado and Montana.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a foodplant specialist on grasses (Poaceae), feeding on members of several genera.

Adults

This species flies during late spring and summer and has been collected during July in our region. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

Powell & Opler (2009)

Moth Photographers Group