Anaplectoides prasina ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

93-3564

Green Arches Moth

Identification

Adults

Anaplectoides prasina is a large (FW length 22–26 mm) mottled olive-green noctuid with black lines and spots and a white area distal to the reniform spot. The forewing appears long with a narrow base. The forewing is mottled gray, green to olive, and ochre, brighter green in fresh individuals than in older specimens. The lines are double with light filling, whitest in the postmedial line at the edge of the white patch located lateral to the reniform spot. Both the antemedial line and postmedial line are scalloped. The subterminal line is pale and uneven. It is preceded by a dark shade that forms black triangles at the costa and opposite the reniform spot. The terminal line is a series of black triangles between the veins. The orbicular, reniform, and claviform spots are large and black. The orbicular spot is a slightly misshapen oval, filled with the ground color and usually open toward the costa. The reniform spot is very large. It is filled with the ground color or red-brown and a faint darker gray line parallel to the black outline. The fringe is checkered light to dark olive and gray. The hindwing is yellow-gray with ill-defined gray suffusion at the base and toward the margin but sparing the terminal area in some individuals. The discal spot and veins are slightly darker gray. The fringe is yellowish off-white. The head and thorax are mottled green, light gray, black and rusty. The head and collar are usually light greenish gray with a faint transverse line toward the dorsal margin of the collar. A rusty tuft is present at the posterior margin of the dorsal thorax. The male antenna is weakly bead-like, nearly filiform.

Anaplectoides prasina is the only large green moth in our area. The white spot between the reniform spot and postmedial line is diagnostic and serves to distinguish this species from Anaplectoides pressus. Most specimens of the latter species are smaller than those of A. prasina and have shorter and broader-appearing wings.

Larvae

Larva is smooth, light mottled reddish brown with a paler ventral area and a thin black lateral line.  It is illustrated by Lafontaine (1998).

Habitat

This species is widely distributed in moist hardwood forests and conifer forests throughout much of Eurasia and North America.  In the Pacific Northwest, it is most common in coastal rainforests and mixed hardwood forests at low elevations west of the Cascades, but is also frequent in mixed hardwood-conifer forests and spruce-fir forests at middle to high elevations in the Cascades and Rocky Mountain regions.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Anaplectoides prasina is widely distributed in forests throughout our region and is found as far south as Lane County west of the Cascade Range. It does not occur in the dry interior of Washington, Oregon, or southern Idaho.

Global

This species has a Holarctic distribution. It is found across boreal North America from coast to coast. The range extends as far north as southern Northwest Territory, but there are no records from central or northern British Columbia shown by Lafonatine (1998). The southern limit is southern Oregon along the Pacific Coast, southern New Mexico in the Rocky Mountains, and North Carolina in the Appalachian Mountains.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a broad generalist feeding on both hardwoods and herbaceous vegetation.

Adults

This species has a fairly long flight period, lasting from June until September in the Pacific Northwest. It is a nocturnal species that comes readily to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Lafontaine (1998)

Moth Photographers Group