Perigonica pectinata (Smith, [1888])

93-2754

Identification

Adults

Perigonica pectinata is a speckled gray-brown medium sized moth (FW length 15 - 16 mm) that has a J-shaped yellow-orange mark formed by the outer and inferior portions of the reniform spot that flies in western Oregon and the southern Cascade Mountains in Washington during early spring. The apex of the forewing is slightly pointed and there is a slight angulation on vein CuA1 near the anal angle. The ground color is gray-brown, usually heavily speckled with dark scales to produce a salt-and-pepper effect but occasionally smooth. This speckling is strong medial to the subterminal line and at the fringe in some individuals. The basal, antemedial, and postmedial lines are very faint except at the costa, although the veins distal to the postmedial line are marked with dark gray lines or spots. The terminal line is a similar series of spots between the veins. The median line is usually dark gray at the costa. The reniform spot is upright and bar-like, but only the lateral and inferior portions are evident. These are ochre yellow or slightly orange toward the inside of the spot and rusty orange on the outside forming a warm-colored J-shape. The orbicular and claviform spots are obsolete. The hindwing is brown-gray with a strong suffusion of medium gray, a dark discal spot, and a scalloped margin with a dark terminal line. The fringe is variable light whitish gray, light orange, or slightly reddish. The head and thorax are mouse gray, matching the ground color of the forewings. The eye is covered with fine hairs. The male antenna is strongly bipectinate.

Perigonica pectinata is the only one of our three Perigonica species that is gray. The color and shape of the reniform spot are unique in our moth fauna.

Larvae

Larva is smooth, green with faint white lines and small black dots.  It is illustrated by Miller & Hammond (2003).

Habitat

This species is narrowly endemic to the West Coast in forest habitats with evergreen Fagaceae.  In the Pacific Northwest, it is common to abundant in coastal rainforests and mixed hardwood-conifer forests at low to middle elevations in the Siskiyou Mountains, Coast Range, and along the west slope of the Cascades.  It is also abundant on rocky, serpentine ridgetops at high elevations in the Siskiyou Mountains, on lava fields along the summit of the Cascades, and in ponderosa pine forests along the east slope of the Cascades.  This species is considered to be management sensitive, depending on live oaks and chinquapin as larval foodplants.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Perigonica pectinata is widespread in western Oregon where it most common in the Cascade and Siskiyou Mountains. It has only been found once in southern Washington at one of two sites in the state where chinquapin oak grows.

Global

The range of P. pectinata extends south through California, both along the Pacific Coast and along the west slope of the Sierra Nevada.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a foodplant specialist feeding on evergreen Fagaceae.  In the Pacific Northwest, the primary larval foodplants are golden chinquapin (Castanopsis chrysophylla) and canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis).  It probably feeds on huckleberry oak (Q. vaccinifolia) on rocky, serpentine habitats in the Siskiyou Mountains.

Adults

This species flies during the spring and has been collected from March through May in our region. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

Miller & Hammond (2003)

Miller & Hammond (2007)

Moth Photographers Group