Catabena lineolata Walker, 1865

93-1765

Fine-lined Sallow Moth

Identification

Adults

Catabena lineolata is a small gray noctuid moth (FW length 12 - 13 mm) with a relatively simple pattern of longitudinal streaks on the forewing and a white hindwing with a gray margin that flies east of the Cascade Range throughout the year. The forewing is pale gray. The central veins are dark bordered on each side by pale scales. The distal wing is slightly darker brownish gray. The lines are nearly absent. Oblique traces of the antemedial and postmedial lines are present on the costa. The zig-zag pattern of the postmedial line can be made out in a few individuals. The terminal line is evident as short gray lines between the veins. The fringe is the same color as the terminal area. There are no traces of the spots. The hindwing is white with a slight pearly sheen. The distal wing is gray. A thin gray terminal line is present. The fringe is gray at the apex, white elsewhere. The head and body are light gray, with fine transverse striations on the collar. The male antenna is filiform.

This species can be identified by its small size, normal wing shape, and light gray streaked pattern. It is most similar to Sympistis orbicularis, a species that flies in the deserts of southeastern Oregon in our region. This species differs in that it has distinct forewing spots, lacking in C. lineolata. Sympistis major, a more generally distributed species, is similar in that it lacks forewing spots but a larger medium-sized moth with darker gray forewings and hindwings.

Habitat

This species is widely distributed throughout much of North America in dry, open grasslands.  In the Pacific Northwest, it is relatively common in dry grasslands and oak savanna at low elevations in southwest Oregon, but it is also locally common in dry grasslands at low elevations east of the Cascades. It occurs in sagebrush steppe and bunchgrass prairies in Washington, but is less common in these habitats than in Oregon.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Catabena lineolata is found east of the Cascade Mountains as far north as southern British Columbia. It has been most commonly encountered near the Columbia and Snake Rivers in Washington.  The distribution is spottier in Oregon where it occurs in the southwest corner and eastern parts of the state.

Global

This species is found across North America. It appears to be most common in California and the southwest, with additional western records from Alberta and Texas. The eastern populations are restricted to a narrow north-south distribution in the Midwest, Pennsylvania to Maine, and adjacent southern Canada.

Life History

Larvae

This species feeds on various herbaceous plants including Verbena species (Verbenaceae) and goldenrod (Solidago spp.) in the Asteraceae.

Adults

Catabena lineolata has a very long flight period in our region suggesting the presence of multiple broods. It has been collected from April to October. This species is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Covell (1984)

Moth Photographers Group

Powell & Opler (2009)