Hecatera dysodea ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Small Ranunculus Moth
WA : Klickitat Co.
Route 14 mile point 83 near Dallesport, 345 ft
July 18, 2009, PJ Landolt.
Adult emerged VIII-18-2009
Specimen courtesy of LGCC
Photograph copyright: Merrill A. Peterson
Hecatera dysodea is a recently introduced Eurasian noctuid moth that is spreading in the dry interior of the Pacific Northwest. It is a small to medium species (FW length 12 - 14 mm) with an attractive pattern of dark gray median area and mottled yellow and orange base and terminal areas. The ground color of the forewing is powdery yellow to light green due to a mixture of light yellow and dark gray scales. Bright orange markings are present at the base and as a series of spots representing the subterminal line. The wing base, median area, and margin opposite the cell and in the fold are darker greenish gray. The lines are double with the components abutting the median area strong and the opposite component nearly absent, gray, and filled with light yellow. The basal and antemedial lines are slightly irregular; portions of the antemedial line are black in some specimens. The postmedial line is evenly scalloped between the veins, smoothly convex toward the outer margin around the reniform spot and then perpendicular to the trailing margin. The orbicular and reniform spots are black with partial orange inner components. The orbicular spot is filled with the dark surrounding color while most of the reniform spot is filled with the lgither color of the distal wing. A small claviform spot is present. The hindwing is putty white with dark gray on the distal third, dark veins, and a lighter gray discal spot. A postmedial line is evident on the veins. The hindwing fringe is pale. The head and thorax are mottled light yellow, gray, and orange with a faint dark transverse bar across the distal collar. The eye is covered with fine hairs.
This species can usually be identified by the presence of rich orange markings on the forewing. It is most similar to Pseudobryomima muscosa, a similar-sized mottled green species that flies in forested habitats in our region, and Lacinipolia strigicollis, an abundant species that occurs in a variety of habitats. Hecatera dysodea can be told from P. muscosa by the orange color, darker median area, and lighter two-toned hindwings, all lacking in P. muscosa. In addition, P. muscosa does not have hairs on the eyes. Lacinipolia strigicollis is similar in size and general pattern but lacks the strong yellow and orange colors of H. dysodea and has a whiter hindwing with less gray at the margin.
Hecatera dysodea is found in disturbed roadside, urban, and agricultural habitats at low elevations east of the Cascades.
Hecatera dysodea was accidentally introduced into North America on the east side of the Cascades in Oregon around 2003. It now occurs in several contiguous counties in the southern Columbia Basin in Washington and northern Oregon. It will probably spread widely throughout much of the Pacific Northwest in disturbed habitats during future years.
This species is native to Eurasia where it is widely distributed. It has spread east to Utah and Colorado outside of our region (Moth Photographers Group).
This species is a foodplant specialist feeding on wild lettuce (Lactuca spp.) in the Asteraceae. The larvae have been found commonly on prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) in the Northwest. It is also known to feed on hawksbeard (Crepis spp.) and on sow thistle (Sonchus spp.) in the Asteraceae.
The adults appear to be multiple brooded in the Northwest and have been found from early June to September. They are nocturnal and come to lights, but have also been found in traps baited with floral-scented lures.
This species has the potential to become a pest in commercial lettuce seed crops.
Landolt et al. (2010)