Pleromelloida conserta (Grote, 1881)

93-1777

Identification

Adults

Pleromelloida conserta is a dimorphic medium-sized (FW length 14 - 17 mm) gray moth with black antemedial and postmedial lines that are fused near the trailing margin or extensive black over most of the forewing that flies in forests throughout the Northwest in the spring. The forewing has a pointed apex and smoothly curved outer margin. The ground color is powdery medium gray, darkest gray to black along the trailing margin and in the subterminal area preceding the subterminal line. A form with jet black central wing leaving the costa, base and terminal area gray occurs amongst normal populations, most commonly west of the Cascades. The veins are black, and there is a thin black basal dash. The antemedial and postmedial lines are black, strongest on the costa but visible across the wing. These lines are fused near in a horizontal segment near the trailing margin. The anterior antemedial line is zig-zagged near the costa, whit the median line is smoothly excurved toward the outer margin. A dark median line is usually evident. The subterminal line is pale gray, irregular, and preceded and followed by variable black spots between the veins. No terminal line is evident. The fringe is dark gray. The reniform spot is a small dark gray bar or crescent. The other spots are absent. The hindwing is smoky gray with dark discal spot, veins, and terminal line. The fringe is two-toned, gray basally and light gray to white distally. The head and thorax are hoary gray with black and white transverse bars across the collar. Tufts of long scales are present at the base of the antenna. A weak crest is present on the median collar, and several dorsal tufts are present on the abdominal segments. The male antenna is filiform.

The black form of P. conserta is distinctive and cannot be confused with any other spring-flying moth. The gray form is most likely to be confused with Pleromelloida bonuscula, a smaller species that occurs east of the Cascade Mountains. The forewing lines of P. conserta are complete across the wing, whereas those of P. bonuscula are indistinct on the mid-wing and posterior margin. Pleromelloida conserta is usually larger than P. bonuscula.

Habitat

This species is common in forest and brushland habitats.  In the Pacific Northwest, it is common to abundant in coastal rainforests, mixed hardwood forests, and oak woodlands at low elevations west of the Cascades, in mixed hardwood-conifer forests at higher elevations in the Cascades and Rocky Mountains, and in the riparian zone along creeks in open ponderosa pine forests and canyonlands at middle elevations east of the Cascades.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Pleromelloida conserta is widely distributed in forests throughout the Pacific Northwest, at least as far north as central interior British Columbia. It occurs in riparian zones of arid areas but is absent from open steppe regions such as the central Columbia Basin.

Global

This species is found along the west Coast from the Pacific Northwest to southern California. East of our region it is known from Alberta and the Rocky Mountain states to Colorado.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a foodplant specialist feeding on honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.) and snowberry (Symphoricarpos spp.) in the Caprifoliaceae.

Adults

The flight period of P. conserta is early spring, beginning in mid-March and lasting until mid-May in our region. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Crumb (1956)