Photedes defecta (Grote, 1874)

93-2425

Identification

Adults

Photedes defecta is an uncommon small to medium-sized moth (FW length 12 - 16 mm) with strongly streaked tan and gray-brown forewing, sometimes yellow, with markings absent or consisting of black spots and a pale discal bar with a black dot that is restricted to wetlands during the summer. The forewing color is variable from straw-yellow to tan, with a light to dark gray streak from the base to the outer margin along the cubital vein that widens to include most of the terminal wing. The costa and trailing margins are palest and most even. The veins on the distal wing are gray, surrounded on each side by a tan streak with a brown line in each central interspace, producing a strong pattern of fine stripes. Some specimens have thin pale cubital and radial veins. The antemedial and postmedial lines are absent or are faintly zigzag with black spots on the veins at the ends of the teeth. The terminal line is similar when present with dots between the veins. The reniform spot is a pale bar at the end of the cell, often with a black spot is present at the lower end. Other markings are absent. The hindwing is whitish to yellow-tan, usually suffused with gray and faintly striped similar to the forewing, with gray diffuse discal spot and postmedial line. The thin terminal line is prominent, often black. The hindwing fringe is similar to the ground color. The head and thorax are yellow-brown to gray-tan, similar to the forewing. The male antenna is filiform.

This rarely collected species can be identified by the strongly streaked pattern and pattern of black dots. Some species of Hypocoena, especially H. inquinata, has a similar pattern but has a much smaller and rounder forewing that has a black postmedial line. Many species of Mythimna and Leucania in the tribe Leucaniini are strongly longitudinally streaked with reduced forewing patterns. As members of this tribe they have eyes that covered with fine hairs, lacking in Photedes, and they differ in details of forewing pattern such as having a much paler cubital vein and pattern of fewer dark dots on the postmedial line.

Habitat

Photedes defecta is rare and sporadic in wetlands at low elevations east of the Cascades, rarely wandering away from this habitat.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

This species has only been found at a few sites in southern British Columbia and in the Columbia Basin. It occurs west of the Cascades in the Lower Fraser Valley, British Columbia. East of the mountains it has been found in south-central British Columbia and near Moses Lake, Washington.

Global

This species is found in a relatively narrow north-south distribution to the East Coast. It has been found in central Alberta, the upper Midwest, and in a narrow distribution near the the border between Canada and the United States to the Atlantic. It has been found from New Brunswick to Maryland along the Eastern Seaboard.

Life History

Larvae

The larvae bore in the stems of reed-like monocots. Forbes (1954) notes that many Eurasian species are strongly carnivorous on other caterpillars.

Adults

Photedes defecta is on the wing during the late summer, usually from July to early September. It is nocturnal and comes to lights, although it is rarely found unless the lights are placed in its wetland habitat.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Forbes (1954)

Moth Photographers Group

University of Alberta Strickland Museum