Protorthodes oviduca (Guenée, 1852)

93-3113

Ruddy Quaker Moth

Identification

Adults

Protorthodes oviduca is a small (FW length 12 - 14 mm) pale gray, orange-brown, or red-brown moth with pale-rimmed gray-filled forewing spots that flies in most of British Columbia, northeastern Washington, and western Montana during the spring and early summer. Specimens from British Columbia are mostly pale gray, with some orange suffusion. Most specimens from eastern North America are darker red-brown. The color is slightly darker on the costa and in the subterminal area, greatest anteriorly. The lines are gray, double with light gray filling. The antemedial line is close to the orbicular spot, toothed toward the base on the veins, slightly angled toward the outer margin, at least on the costa. The median line is diffuse, usually faint or absent. The postmedial line is drawn toward the base on the costa, smoothly excurved near the reniform spot and often touching the lower spot, then curved to meet the posterior margin at a right angle. The line is often weakly toothed with dark lines on the veins in the subterminal area at the tips of the teeth. The subterminal line is pale ochre, very smooth undulating across the wing, preceded by an orange brown shade and occasionally by smudgy gray-brown spots on the mid-wing. The terminal line is a faint dark line. The fringe is concolorous with the terminal area. The spots are outlined in pale ochre and filled with gray that is darker than the surrounding wing. The orbicular spot is round or slightly ovoid. The reniform spot is oval, weakly hourglass-shaped, or weakly kidney-shaped. A claviform spot is lacking. The hindwing is pale gray in the west, slighty darker gray in the east, with a faint gray discal spot and thin terminal line. The hindwing fringe is whitish gray with a light gray base. The head and thorax are even gray. The eye is covered in fine hairs. The male antenna is bipectinate.

This can usually be identified by its small size, gray and reddish brown, color, and round orbicular spot. Its appearance is similar to Protorthodes rufula, a species that flies near the Pacific in western Oregon and Washington. It has paler filling of the orbicular spot than P. oviduca. In practice, they can be separated by locality. The ranges of these species approach each other most closely near the Salish Sea where P. oviduca has been found on southern Vancouver Island and near Vancouver in British Columbia and P. rufula has been found in Island County, Washington.

Habitat

This species is widely distributed in forests and parkland habitats. It has been found in a variety of habitats in British Columbia, including in aspen parkland in the Peace River region in the north east part of the province.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Protorthodes oviduca is found in much of central and southern British Columbia as far north as the Peace River district. In the southern part of the province it has been taken at numerous locations near the 49th parallel as far west as southern Vancouver Island. Despite the proximity to the border in British Columbia this moth has only been taken in the northeastern part of Washington.

Global

This species has a wide distribution in North America, ranging east to the Atlantic and south to Colorado and New Mexico in the West. The eastern distribution extends from southern Quebec and Newfoundland to Florida and Mississippi.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a generalist feeding on many kinds of herbs and grasses.

Adults

Adults are reported as being double-brooded (Powell & Opler 2009). The very few Northwest records are from June and July. This species is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Covell (1984)

Crumb (1956)

Lafontaine et al. (2014)

Moth Photographers Group

Powell & Opler (2009)