Scotogramma fervida Barnes & McDunnough, 1912
Scotogramma fervida is a small gray-tan moth (FW length 13 - 15 mm) with a smudgy gray-filled reniform spot and a dark red-brown shade preceding the posterior subterminal line that flies in sage steppe in the southern portion of the Pacific Northwest during late spring and early summer. The forewing is slightly mottled dull gray-tan with a slight golden cast. The terminal area is gray. A short irregular black basal dash is present. The basal, antemedial, and postmedial lines are gray, double with filling of the ground color, and are strongest as paired spots on the costa. The antemedial line is very faint and usually only partially evident, irregular and slanted toward the outer margin from the costa. The median line is gray, very faint except for a spot on the costa. The postmedial line is also very faint, smoothly excurved around the reniform spot and oblique toward the base from the lower cell to the posterior margin. The subterminal line is pale yellow-brown, complete, offset toward the base at the costa and forming a moderately-strong W-mark on veins M3 and CuA1, nearly straight elsewhere. This line is preceded by a red-brown to dark gray shade in the distal subterminal area, as well as by a series of black wedges between the veins on the mid-wing. The terminal line is a series of black spots are triangles. The fringe is checkered gray and tan. The orbicular post is partially outlined in thin black, oval, filled with the ground color or light gray with a gray ocellus. The reniform spot is asymetrically kidney-shaped with an expanded lower half, outlined with strong black inferiorly and weak gray to incomplete anteriorly, filled with the ground color and smoky purplish to charcoal gray in the posterior half. The claviform spot is small, black filled with the ground color or gray. The hindwing is dirty light gray-tan with an ill-defined gray marginal band, gray veins, discal spot, and thin terminal line. The hindwing fringe is off-white with a yellow and gray base. The thorax is gray-tan with black and gray barring across the collar and powdery dark margins on the tegulae. The eye is covered with fine hairs. The male antenna is filiform.
This species can be distinguished from other early season moths by its relatively small size, smudgy gray reniform spot, and red-brown color near the subterminal line. It is only likely to be confused with Anarta fulgora and Scotogramma stretchii. The former species is gray rather than brownish and lacks the red-brown band near the anal angle of the forewing. Scotogramma stretchii lacks the gray filling of the reniform spot, the pale subterminal line, and red-brown subterminal color that are found in S. fervida.
This species undoubtedly belongs in the genus Anarta rather than Scotogramma. The forewing pattern, including the gray-filled reniform spot, is typical for this genus.
This species is widely distributed in arid rangelands throughout much of western North America. In the Pacific Northwest, it is narrowly restricted to desert habitats at low elevations. It is moderately common on very dry sagebrush steppe of southeastern Oregon.
Scotogramma fervida is found in southeastern Oregon in the Pacific Northwest. It doubtless occurs in southern Idaho as well. It has not been collected in the Columbia Basin.
This species is found in western North America. It occurs from southern Alberta and Saskatchewan to New Mexico and California.
No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but it probably feeds on herbaceous vegetation based upon closely related species.
Adults of S. fervida fly during the summer and have been collected in June and July in Oregon. It is a nocturnal species that comes to lights.
Powell & Opler (2009)