Aseptis fanatica Mustelin, 2006

93-2631

Identification

Adults

Aseptis fanatica is a broad-winged medium-sized to large moth (FW length 18–19 mm) with a blackish-brown forewing with a faint pale yellow subterminal line that flies in southwestern Oregon and the Cascades during the summer. The forewing is broadly triangular in shape. It is nearly uniform dull brownish black. A few luteous spots are present along the costa, likely the remnants of the transverse lines. The dark postmedial line is barely evident in some specimens. The subterminal line is light ochre, powdery or limited to a few scales, irregular. The fringe is concolorous with tiny luteous spots in the base at the tips of the veins. The orbicular and reniform spots are weakly outlined in black, barely evident. The orbicular spot is round, filled with the ground color or slightly lighter gray in a few specimens. The reniform and claviform spots are barely evident. The hindwing has slightly concave segment posterior to M1, although less prominent than in many other Aseptis species. It is uniform dark gray-brown with a dark terminal line and a tan base of the fringe. The head and thorax are uniform brownish black. The male antenna is bead-like.

This species and Aseptis ethnica can be recognized by their dull very dark forewings with nearly absent markings and a dark gray hindwing but are difficult to distinguish in the Northwest. Aseptis fanatica tends to be slightly smaller and more narrow-winged of the two, and is more uniform and dark. It lacks mottling in the cell near the spots and at the subterminal line that is often present in A. ethnica. The differences in superficial appearance are less evident in the Northwest than in most of California where A. ethnica is paler. Some specimens of A. ethnica have red-brown in the cell near the spots; this portion of the wing is similar to the rest of the wing in A. fanatica. Differences in the male genitalia of these species are described below. Other dark moths which fly with A. fanatica have at least some other pale elements, usually in the spots.

This species was for a long time thought to represent the southern California form of A. ethnica.  In fact, the holotype of Hadena ethnica Smith ( in the USNM) is superficially quite similar to A. fanatica from San Diego County. However, the two species differ in appearance and the male genitalia are consistently different. The valves make a ~90 ° angle with each other in slide-mounted preparations of A. fanatica, compared to at least 120° in A. ethnica.  In both species there is variation in valve shape, but those of A.  fanatica they tend to be shorter, straighter, and less pointed than in A. ethnica.  The vesica is more tapering in its distal end in A. fanatica so that the solitary spine emanates from a narrower part of the vesica than in A. ethnica, where the vesica is more oval and rounded distally.  The species name was chosen to match the religious theme of ethnica which means "heathen."    

Habitat

This species is common in dry forest and brushland habitats with either madrones, manzanitas, or bearberry.  These habitats include hardwood, mixed, or conifer forests and open habitats such as clear-cuts and rocky ridgetops near the summit of the Cascades, and conifer forests along the east slope of the Cascades.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Aseptis fanatica is found in the Siskiyou Mountains and in the Cascade Range as far north as Okanogan County, Washington.

Global

This species is found along the West Coast. The range extends south to Baja California Norte, Mexico through most of California.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a foodplant specialist feeding on madrone (Arbutus menziesii) and various species of manzanitas and bearberry (kinnikinick)  (Arctostaphylos spp.) in the Ericaceae.

Adults

The adults fly during the summer. It occurs as early as the beginning of June in the Sisikiyou Mountains, Oregon, several weeks prior to the emergence of A. ethnica.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

Miller & Hammond (2003)

Moth Photographers Group

Mustelin (2006)