Agrotis antica Crabo & Lafontaine, 2004
WA : Stevens Co.
Chewelah Mt., 4594 ft
June 22, 2004, L. & E. Crabo.
Specimen courtesy of LGCC
Photograph copyright: Merrill A. Peterson
This recently described species from dry pine forests resembles a large dull form of Agrotis obliqua, a common higher elevation species. It is a medium-sized species (FW length 14–18 mm) with dull, wood-brown forewings with a sooty gray costa and thin, dark veins. The forewings appear long and narrow for the genus. A dark gray patch is also present at the margin opposite the cell. The lines are thin and black. The antemedial line is sharply drawn toward the outer margin near the trailing margin and nearly touches the postmedial line. The postmedial line is strongly dentate. The pale subterminal line is usually a series of wedges, often preceded by several long black chevrons that are longest opposite the reniform spot. The orbicular and reniform spots are black, usually with a thin paler brown inner component, and are filled with the ground color. The orbicular spot is an elongate oval, and the reniform spot is kidney-shaped. The cell between these spots is dark gray to black. One or two black dashes extends laterally from the reniform spots in some individuals. The hindwing is pale gray basally with sooty veins, discal spot, and outer margin in males; uniform dark gray with very faint spots and veins in females. The head is medium brown. The collar is faintly striped, with darker basal and lighter distal bands. The tegulae are lighter brown than the forewing with darker brown margins, but lack gray color. The male antenna is biserrate with strong fasciculations.
This species is closely similar to Agrotis obliqua and was confused with it until 2004. A. obliqua tends to fly later in the year at higher elevations, but it does co-occur with A. antica at some sites in the Washington Cascades and can be allopatric at other sites. Compared to A. antica, A. obliqua is slightly smaller with a shorter and stubbier forewing, is warmer brown with a slightly streakier distal forewing, and have a darker hindwings in males. Males of A. antica have a longer and females have a longer bursa than those of A. obliqua. Agotis antica could also be confused with Agrotis vancouverensis with which it also flies at some locations but lack gray color on the forewings or thorax, unlike almost all specimens of this species.
This species is widely distributed in coniferous forests throughout much of western North America. In the Pacific Northwest, it is most common in dry, open ponderosa pine forests and juniper woodlands east of the Cascades. It also occurs in coastal rainforests at low elevations west of the Cascades, and in spruce-fir forests at high elevations along the summit of the Cascades.
Agrotis antica is as far north as south-central British Columbia. Washington records are mostly from the east side of the Cascades, while the species occurs on both sides of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon.
This species is found in the central and southern Rocky Mountains and in northern and eastern California outside of the Pacific Northwest. The southern limit of the range is in eastern Arizona.
No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but it is probably a soil-burrowing cutworm that feeds on herbaceous vegetation based on related species.
Adults are on the wing earlier than Agrotis obliqua at the few sites where both species have been collected, usually in late spring or early summer. Pacific Northwest records are from early May to early July. This species is nocturnal and comes to lights.