Ponometia binocula (Grote, 1875)

93-1313

Prairie Bird-dropping Moth

Identification

Adults

Ponometia binocula is a small (FW length 11–12 mm) with pure white forewings marked with greenish gray on the outer half that is found in the eastern part of the Northwest and flies during the summer. The basal half of the forewing, most of the costa, and the apical fringe are pure white. A greenish gray spot is present at the costa at the position of the median line. The dominant forewing marking is a dark smooth band of greenish gray and slightly purplish gray that extends from between the expected positions of the median and postmedial lines at the trailing margin anteriorly to surround the reniform spot and then bends anterolaterally and thins slightly to the apex. A a band of light purplish gray is present in the terminal area, and the base of the fringe is the same color. A thin dark terminal line is present. The reniform spot is perfectly round and has a pale outline and purplish gray filling. The other spots are absent. The hindwing is pale whitish gray with darker gray on the outer margin, thickest anteriorly. The hindwing fringe is white. The head and body are pure white. The male antenna is filiform. 

This species is most likely to be confused with Ponometia candefacta in the Northwest. Unlike P. binocula this species has gray patches in the forewing fringe. It is slightly smaller than P. binocula, the dark areas on its forewing are less even than those of P. binocula and contain more gray, and it has two dark spots on the white part of the costa unlike P. binocula which has one. Ponometia elegantula is also smaller, and the medial margin of the gray band on the median forewing extends straight to the costal margin unlike that of P. binocula. Ponometia binocula is also similar to Tarache arida, a species that flies in south-eastern Oregon during the spring. It has an ill-defined reniform spot, not round and easily identified as in T. binocula, and its forewing fringe is white near the anal angle without the medial gray line of T. binocula.

Habitat

This is a prairie species found in dry grasslands of the Great Plains and southern Rocky Mountain region, particularly along the Colorado Front Range.  It barely enters the Pacific Northwest in low elevation grasslands.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Ponometia binocula is found in the eastern part of the Pacific Northwest. Isolated records exist for southeastern Idaho and southeastern British Columbia (USNM - nearctica.com).

Global

This species is distributed in the central United States and adjacent south-central Canada. The range extends across Canada from south-eastern British Columbia to southwestern Manitoba. The southern limits of the range are Michigan and Ohio in the Midwest, Oklahoma and western Texas in the Great Plains region, and Arizona and New Mexico in the Southwest.

Life History

Larvae

No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but it probably feeds on Asteraceae like closely related species.

Adults

Ponometia binocula flies during the summer and has been collected during July in and near the Northwest. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Moth Photographers Group

Poole (1994)