Lacinipolia anguina (Grote, 1881)

93-3019

Snaky Arches Moth

Identification

Adults

Lacinipolia anguina is a small gray moth (FW length 12 - 15 mm) with large forewing spots and two black spots near the anal angle of the forewing that flies in northern forests in the Pacific Northwest. The forewing is relatively long with a slightly pointed apex and small flange at the anal angle. The color is mottled lead-gray, slightly darker in the median area and on the costa in the subterminal area. Two black spots separated by the subterminal line are present at the anal angle, a small chevron-shaped mark in the subterminal area and a longer spot that continues into the fringe in the terminal area. A short black dash is present at the wing base. The veins are thin and dark on the distal wing. The basal, antemedial, and postmedial lines are gray, double filled with slightly lighter gray than the ground color. The antemedial line is smoothly excurved with slight notches at the veins, apex of the arc in the fold. The median line is smoky dark gray, faint. The postmedial line is weakly scalloped, faint from the costa around the reniform which interrupts it, stronger below the reniform spot where it forms a smooth light and dark gray segment that is concave toward the base. The subterminal line is pale gray, irregular with a strong light-colored tooth toward the base on 1A+2A above the anal angle. It is preceded by a dark gray spot on the costa, thin dark gray from the lower end of the cell to the fold, and a darker spot in the fold that is described above. The terminal line is very thin, dark. The fringe is lightly checkered gray. The orbicular spot is round, outlined in dark gray on the inner and outer sides and pale gray elsewhere, filled with the ground color or slightly lighter gray with or without a faint ocellus. The reniform spot is large, kidney-shaped, the lower portion ballooning across the postmedial line, defined medially by dark gray and lacking a border laterally, filled with light gray and a dark crescent on the medial side. The claviform spot is small, black, filled with the ground. The hindwing is pale whitish gray, darker gray in females, with darker gray veins, margin, and thin terminal line. The hindwing fringe is white with a pale gray base. The head and thorax are gray with a thin black line across the distal collar. The eye is covered with fine hairs. The male antenna is bead-like.

This species can usually be recognized by the dull gray color with darker gray lines and spots, large reniform spot that extends into the subterminal area, and two black spots near the anal angle that are separated by the subterminal line. Several other species have similar size and color. The most similar is Lacinipolia lustralis and Lacinipolia pensilis. These species tend to have a warm red or orange cast to the median area and have smaller reniform spots. The forewing markings of L. lustralis are less distinct and those of L. pensilis are crisper and more complete than those of L. anguina. Hada sutrina is mottled gray and flies with L. anguina in early summer. It has a pale gray mark on the mid-median area that is lacking in L. anguina.  Litholomia napaea, a winter moth in the tribe Xylenini, can also be similar when it is worn in the late spring. It lacks hairs on the eyes and usually has a very strong dark median line that the Lacinipolia species lack.

Habitat

This species is widely distributed in moist forest habitats throughout much of eastern North America, extending westward through the Rocky Mountains.  In the Pacific Northwest, it occurs in mountain meadows and other open habitat areas within coniferous forests at middle elevations in the northern Rocky Mountain region.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Lacinipolia anguina is found in northeastern Washington and central British Columbia in our region.

Global

The range of this species extends east across southern Canada to the Atlantic and south in the Rocky Mountains to Colorado and Arizona. The range in the East extends from north-central Quebec and the island of Newfoundland south to Maryland on the coast and northern Georgia in the mountains. It occurs further south to Kentucky, Arkansas, and Nebraska in the middle of the Continent.

Life History

Larvae

No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but it is probably a climbing cutworm feeding on various herbaceous plants based upon closely related species.

Adults

This species is single-brooded. The adults fly in early summer, with most records from our region from June and July. They are nocturnal and come to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Covell (1984)

Moth Photographers Group

Powell & Opler (2009)