Lacinipolia comis (Grote, 1876)

93-3062

Identification

Adults

Lacinipolia comis is a small moth (FW length 12 - 14 mm) with mottled charcoal gray moth with a complex pattern of light patches and spots that include light greenish gray or olive, nearly always present in a light spot above the anal angle, that flies in forests throughout the Pacific Northwest during the summer. The forewing ground color is mottled gray. The base medial to the antemedial line is lighter than the median area, especially in males. The median area is darkest charcoal gray. The subterminal area is lighter blue-gray, and the terminal area is mottled slightly darker gray. All of these areas are darker in females which can be nearly entirely charcoal except for lighter filling of the reniform spot and posterior subterminal area . The wing is mottled light yellow-green, light to dark olive, or rarely bright green, most prominently in the fold near the base and in the posterior subterminal area where it is associated with a light cream patch and bordered laterally by a black spot. A small black basal dash is present. Segments of the veins are black in the subterminal and terminal areas. The basal, antemedial, and postmedial lines are black and gray, darkest adjacent to the median area, filled with the ground color to pale gray, lightest near white in the posterior postmedial line. The antemedial line is smoothly convex with apex on the posterior third of the wing. The median line is dark gray, narrow and waved, evident in specimens with relatively light median areas. The postmedial line is slightly scalloped, drawn toward the base on the costa, nearly transverse across the anterior cell, and gently concave toward the base posterior to the cell to meet the trailing margin at a slight angle toward the base.  The subterminal line is pale light gray, uneven, preceded by a dark gray wedge at the costa. The fringe is weakly checkered blue-gray to dark gray, darkest at the dark spot above the anal angle. The orbicular and claviform spots are black, relatively inconspicuous. The orbicular spot is ovoid, filled with the ground color and a dark central ocellus. The claviform spot is small and thick. The reniform spot is kidney-shaped, bar-like, or weakly hourglass-shaped, filled with a white line peripherally and light to dark gray centrally and occasionally rusty brown. The hindwing is gray, slightly darker toward the outer margin, with a light gray fringe with a dark base. The head and thorax are dark gray with hoary light gray on the central tegulae. The eye is covered with fine hairs. The male antenna is bead-like.

This species can usually be recognized from the similar species Lacinipolia davena, Lacinipolia olivacea,and Lacinipolia rectilinea by the green color. Even very dark females have a light greenish spot at the anal angle. The other Lacinipolia species have red or brown accents, especially at the light spot at the anal angle. The cucullus of the male valve is a very large triangular shape in L. comis, smaller in the other species except for L. rectilinea. This can be observed after removing some of the scales from the tip of the abdomen with a small brush.

This species and a number of its synonyms were described from Northwest material. The type locality of Mamestra comis Grote is Vancouver Island. The synonym Mamestra lunolacta Smith was described from Washington, Pullman. The type locality of the synonym Mamestra obnigra Smith is Oregon, Corvallis.

Habitat

This species is common to abundant in moist forest habitats throughout the Pacific Northwest.  These include coastal rainforests, mixed hardwood forests, and oak woodlands at low elevations west of the Cascades, mixed hardwood-conifer forests and spruce-fir forests at middle to high elevations in the Cascades and Rocky Mountain regions, and in dry, open ponderosa pine forests at middle elevations east of the Cascades.  It is rare in juniper woodlands at lower elevations east of the Cascades.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Lacinipolia comis is widely distributed in forests throughout most of the Pacific Northwest as far north as north-central British Columbia.

Global

This species is distributed near the West Coast of North America except in southern British Columbia and adjacent southwestern Alberta. It is widespread in California south of our region.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a climbing cutworm that feeds on various herbaceous plants in families such as the Asteraceae and Fabaceae.

Adults

The flight period of L. comis is summer. Most individuals are collected during July and August in our region, although a few occur as early as mid-June and others are found later in the fall. This species is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Crumb (1956)

Moth Photographers Group