Abagrotis erratica (Smith, 1890)
OR : Harney Co.
Little Cottonwood Cr., 4371 ft
August 28, 2003, L. G. Crabo.
Specimen courtesy of LGCC
Photograph copyright: Merrill A. Peterson
Abagrotis erratica is a medium-sized species (FW length 14 - 17 mm) that is pale cream, light gray, or light reddish in color with a variable forewing pattern that usually includes a dark spot in the lower reniform spot and a series of dots marking the teeth of the postmedial line. The forewing color is variable, usually even warm light cream with a slight reddish or orange tint or clay gray. A dark shade precedes the subterminal line, usually a dark shade of the ground color but some specimens also have vague dark gray dots between the veins. The basal and antemedial lines are absent in most cream specimens but are present in darker gray ones and are gray, double, and filled with the ground color when visible. The postmedial line is also faint except for a series of dots on the veins that mark the tips of the teeth of the dentate line, although the double lines are visible in specimens that also have the other lines showing. The pale subterminal line is smooth and usually evident across the wing. The orbicular and reniform spots are similar, pale and variably filled with reddish scales in pale specimens or slightly reddish gray in gray specimens. The lower or upper and lower portions of the reniform spot contain a gray dot in some individuals. The orbicular spot varies from a small round dot to a short oblique bar. The reniform spot is usually an upright oval or weakly figure-eight shape. The claviform spot is absent. The hindwing is pale luteous gray, fairly heavily suffused with dark gray to blackish gray toward the margin and has a weak discal spot and dark veins. The lighter fringe is pink-tinged in many specimens. The head and thorax are uniform and match the forewing color. The male antenna is filiform.
This species is unlikely to be confused with other Abagrotis species because of its light color. Gray specimens resemble Xestia cinerascens with which it flies, but the subterminal line of Abagrotis is much smoother than that of X. cinerascens. Large light orange specimens of A. erratica resemble Dichagyris variabilis. The postmedial line of this species is smooth and laterally convex, not dentate and slightly squared-off as in A. erratica, and its hindwing lacks dark veins and marginal suffusion. Some specimens of A. erratica bear a general resemblance to Mesogona olivata with which it flies. The forewing spots of this species are larger and the antemedial and postmedial lines are equally prominent and smooth unlike those of A. erratica.
The synonym Abagrotis ornatus Smith was described from Kaslo, British Columbia.
This species is widely distributed in moist forest and riparian habitats throughout much of western North America. In the Pacific Northwest, it is moderately common in oak woodlands, mixed hardwood forests, and mixed hardwood-conifer forests at low to middle elevations west of the Cascades. It is also common in spruce-fir forests at high elevations along the summit of the Cascades. East of the Cascades, it occurs in mixed hardwood-conifer forests of the Rocky Mountain region, and in the riparian zone along creeks and rivers.
This species occurs in much of the Pacific Northwest as far north as Lillooet in south-central British Columbia. It is absent from low-elevation steppe in most of the Columbia Basin and eastern Oregon, but occurs at higher elevations in riparian habitats near these steppe regions.
The range of A. erratica extends south in California to the latitude of San Francisco and in Utah to just south of the Great Salt Lake.
This species appears to be a foodplant generalist feeding on various hardwoods such as willows (Salix spp.) in the Salicaceae, snowberry (Symphoricarpos spp.) in the Caprifoliaceae, and huckleberries (Vaccinium spp.) in the Ericaceae.
Abagrotis erratica flies in late summer and fall from late July through September in our region. It is nocturnal and comes to lights. It has also been collected at sugar bait in eastern Washington.
Miller & Hammond (2003)