Lasionycta brunnea Crabo & Lafontaine, 2009
Lasionycta brunnea is a seldom-collected, medium-sized, alpine noctuid (FW length 13 - 16 mm) that occurs in northeastern Washington and eastern British Columbia in our region. It has olive-brown forewings with limited dark markings and a ventral hindwing that is pale brown with a gray discal spot, postmedial line, and thin marginal band. The forewing varies slightly from dark olive gray to olive with a scattered yellow scales, appearing brown. The forewing apex is slightly pointed. The antemedial and postmedial lines are similar and faintly darker gray than the ground color, with variable ochre scales on the side outside of the median area. A faint, diffuse median line is present in most specimens. The subterminal line is a series of indistinct ochre dots, usually preceded by a faint shade or series of dark spots between the veins. The fringe is very weakly checkered with olive and gray. The orbicular and reniform spots are similar to the lines. The orbicular spot is a small oval, usually filled with lighter ochre. The reniform spot is usually filled with darker scales and is very indistinct. The claviform spot is absent. The hindwing is dark brown-gray with faintly darker gray discal spot and postmedial line. The ventral hindwing is pale whitish tan with a powdery look due to scattered brown scales. It is marked with triangular or chevron-shaped gray discal spot and a diffuse postmedial line that is as prominent as the thin marginal band. The hindwing fringe is pale ochre with an inner gray line on both sides. The head and thorax are uniform olive-gray. The eye is covered with fine hairs, and the male antenna is biserrate.
Lasionycta brunnea is most similar to Lasionycta promulsa, another species that flies near timberline, in that both species have gray-brown forewings and gray dorsal hindwings. These species are most readily distinguished by the appearance of the ventral hindwings. Lasionycta brunnea has a pale brown color with a thick discal spot and a distinct postmedial band. That of L. promulsa is also brown, but the discal spot is small, and the darker markings near the edge are more diffuse. Lasionycta brunnea is sympatric with the nominate subspecies of Lasionycta uniformis over most of its range. This subspecies is similar in that it is dark gray with very limited forewing markings, and these species were confused in collections prior to the description of L. brunnea in 2009. Its ventral hindwing is also diagnostic in that is it whitish gray rather than brown with a smaller discal spot and a wide, gray marginal band and lacks the prominent postmedial line of L. brunnea.
The type locality of Lasionycta brunnea Crabo and Lafontaine is Canada, British Columbia, Watch Peak, 8000', 2 km N of Panorama, [50.47-.48°N 116.29° W].
This species is narrowly endemic to alpine tundra or subalpine meadows near timberline at high elevations in the northern Rocky Mountain region. It may be locally common in this restricted habitat.
Lasionycta brunnea is found in the mountains of eastern British Columbia and extreme northwestern Washington (Salmo Lookout, Pend Oreille County). The northern limit of its range is Pink Mountain, British Columbia.
This species also occurs in the Rocky Mountains of Alberta.
No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but it probably feeds on alpine herbaceous vegetation.
The adults are single-brooded and fly during the summer. They have been collected in late June and July in our region. This species is predominantly nocturnal and comes readily to lights, but occasional specimens fly during the day.
Crabo & Lafontaine (2009)