Cucullia intermedia Speyer, 1870
Intermediate Hooded Owlet Moth
Cucullia intermedia is a large (FW length 21 - 23 mm) moth with a slightly streaky medium-dark gray forewing lacking all but traces of the lines and a gray hindwing that flies in forests throughout most of our region during late spring to summer. As in other members of the genus the forewing is long and thin with a convex distal costal margin and a pointed apex, and the patagiae can be raised into a pointed "hood" that is most apparent when the moth is resting and is variably present in preserved specimens. The forewing is nearly uniform medium gray. The central interspaces are slightly lighter gray on the distal wing. A very thin black basal dash is inconspicuous, resembling the veins. A short anal dash is present below vein CuA2. The veins are thin, black. Traces of the gray strongly zigzag antemedial and postmedial lines are evident as oblique marks on the costa and near the posterior margin, usually in the fold. The terminal line is a series of dark spots on the margin, and a few longer wedges between the veins on the mid-wing. The fringe is slightly lighter gray than the ground color with very faint barring parallel to the margin. The spots and other lines are absent. The hindwing is light gray with a darker outer margin in males, nearly uniform darker gray in females, with dark gray thin discal spot, veins, and terminal line. The hindwing fringe is light whitish gray with a pale gray base. The head and base of the collar are medium-dark gray, with slightly lighter gray on the rest of the thorax. Faint barring is present on the collar and tegulae. The male antenna is filiform.
This species can be identified from other Cucullia species by the combination of the lightly streaked medium-gray forewing and dark hindwing. Other species with reduced patterns have lighter forewing color and pale white hindwing bases (Cucullia speyeri and Cucullia dorsalis). The most similar species is Cucullia florea. It has visible forewing spots and a stronger anal dash. Dolocucullia dentilinea, restricted to the Pacific Coast and east-central Oregon in the Northwest, has a streaky gray forewing. It tends to be smaller (FW length 16 - 17 mm) and has distinct transverse lines and a black spot near the anal angle of the forewing. Cucullia intermedia could potentially be confused with Cucullia strigata, a species that normally flies over steppes in the early spring but could be taken with C. intermedia in the mountains. It has strong black dashes on the distal forewing that are lacking in C. intermedia.
This species is relatively common at middle to high elevations in the Cascades and Rocky Mountains where it usually is the most common Cucullia. It occupies open meadows, mixed coniferous forests, and open ponderosa pine forests. West of the Cascades, it is rare and sporadic in open grasslands and oak savanna at low elevations.
Cucullia intermedia is found in forests in much of our region east of the crests of the Coast and Cascade Ranges at least as far north as central British Columbia. It is restricted to relict prairies near Puget Sound and in the Willamette Valley west of the Cascades.
Like many other forest moths this species has a relatively narrow distribution in the East, occurring from southern Canada to Pennsylvania and Ohio. It is more widely distributed in the West where it is found from northern Alberta and central British Columbia to southern Arizona and southern California.
This species is a foodplant specialist feeding on herbaceous Asteraceae such as wild lettuce (Lactuca spp.).
Cucullia intermedia flies in late spring and summer, usually from late April until mid-July - rarely later - in our region. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.