Apamea acera (Smith, 1900)
WA : Asotin Co.
Anatone Butte, 4656 ft
July 02, 2003, L. & E. Crabo.
Specimen courtesy of LGCC
Photograph copyright: Merrill A. Peterson
Apamea acera has a forewing length of 2.0–2.5 cm and is the only large ash-gray species of Apamea in North America. The forewing usually has some yellow-brown or pink shading in the median area and slightly darker gray shading in the terminal area opposite the cell and at the anal angle which sometimes forms dark gray lines between the veins. The long black basal dash usually extends nearly to the antemedial line. A similar black line is present along the trailing margin at the base of the wing. The transverse lines are very faintly darker gray and are most evident as dark hatch marks on the costa. The claviform spot is black and the orbicular and reniform spots are slightly darker gray. The orbicular spot is a large oval and it and the reniform spot are often fused. The hindwing is slightly yellowish gray, with faintly darker gray marginal band, discal spot, and veins. The head and thorax are ash gray with light tan on the collar that is marked with a black transverse line across the upper third. The male antenna is filiform.
This species can be readily identified by its large size, pale gray and light tan color, basal dash, and black forewing spots, and absence of transverse lines.
The type locality of Polia acera Smith is Seattle, Washington, USA.
This species is widely distributed in dry forest and grassland habitats throughout much of western North America. In the Pacific Northwest, it is usually uncommon or rare in dry, open ponderosa pine forests, juniper woodlands, and on open sagebrush steppe at low to middle elevations east of the Cascades. However, it is also known from dry, rocky ridgetops at higher elevations in the Cascades, and there are old, historical records from dry grasslands at low elevations in the Willamette Valley west of the Cascades.
Apamea acera is found in dry forests east of the Cascade crest as far north as the Okanagan region in extreme southern British Columbia and as far east as western Montana. It appears to be absent from most of the arid parts of southeastern Oregon and southern Idaho between Lake County, Oregon and Cassia County, Idaho.
This species has been collected in central Utah, eastern Nevada, and in the northern and southwestern parts of California outside of the Pacific Northwest.
No information is presently available regarding the larval biology of this species, but it is probably a soil-surface feeding cutworm that specializes on short bunchgrasses (Poaceae) based upon the habitat.
Adults fly during the summer and have been collected most commonly from late June to early August in our region. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.
This species is of no economic importance.
Mikkola et al. (2009)