Sympistis cibalis (Grote, 1880)

93-1859

Identification

Adults

Sympistis cibalis is a small to medium-sized (FW length 14 - 17 mm) streaky blue-gray and orange-brown moth with pointed forewing shape and markings dominated by a row of black wedges in the subterminal area that flies over sandy soil during the summer. The apex of the forewing is elongated and apically pointed. The color is geographically variable, blue gray with reddish-brown streaks on the anterior wing and in the subterminal area in most of the Northwest and paler gray with more extensive light orange-brown across the entire wing in the Great Basin. The costa, trailing margin, and outer margin are darkest. The subterminal area is light whitish gray, most extensively distal to the cell but also as streaks on the mid- and posterior wing. The lines proximal to the subterminal area are only evident on the costa. The subterminal line is pale whitish gray, preceded by a dark gray and brown shade and a series of black wedges that area longest and thickest on the mid-wing. The terminal line has black medial and light outer components. The fringe is striped gray in the darker populations and tan and gray in the lighter ones. The orbicular and claviform spots are similar, pale and very long, filled with light gray. The reniform spot is pale, small and ovoid to boomerang-shaped, filled with gray that is darkest at the lower end. The hindwing is light gray, whitish in pale populations, with ill-defined gray toward the margine, dark veins and discal spot, and dark thin terminal line. The fringe is white, sometimes with a thin gray median line in dark specimens. The head is mottled gray. The collar is brown at the base with a subbasal black transverse line, a wide tan segment, and brown dorsal edge. The rest of the thorax is hoary gray with a dark gray posterior tuft.

This species can be identified by its pointed wing shape, streaked brown and gray color, and pattern of dark wedges at the subterminal line.

Troubridge (2008) distinguished populations from east and west of the Cordillera, including populations from central British Columbia with those from east of the mountains. He considered the eastern ones to be S. cibalis and named those from Washington south Sympistis amenthes. Although the mitochondrial DNA demonstrates differences between some of these populations, specimens from southwestern British Columbia and those from the Columbia Basin in Washington that we have examined are superficially identical. Those from northern Nevada are smaller, browner, and paler. Although we accept that subspecies status might be warranted for the Great Basin populations, we suggest that the Washington populations are the same taxon as those from British Columbia and include all under the name S. cibalis.

The type locality of Sympistis amenthes Troubridge is USA, Washington, Douglas County, Corbaley Canyon, 2600', 47° 39' N 120° 07'W.

Habitat

This species is often common and widely distributed on dry short-grass prairie of the northern Great Plains, but is rarer and more sporadic in the Pacific Northwest.  It is found on dry, open ridges on the east slope of the Cascades and near basalt rimrock in Washington. It occurs on sandy soils in pine forests in southern British Columbia. It has not been found on open dunes in the central portions of the Columbia Basin or in southeastern Oregon, although it is associated with dunes in northern Nevada.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Sympistis cibalis is widely distributed in southern British Columbia, and eastern Washington but is only known from a handful of localities.  It is also known from several localities in southeastern Idaho where it appear to me more common than elsewhere in our region.

Global

The range of S. cibalis extends south through eastern California, Utah, and Colorado.  It also extends east across the northern Great Plains to Manitoba.

Life History

Larvae

No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but penstemons (Penstemon spp.) in the Scrophulariaceae are suspected based upon the habitat.

Adults

This species flies during the fall, usually in September. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

Moth Photographers Group

Troubridge (2008)