Sympistis youngi (McDunnough, 1922)

93-1898

Identification

Adults

Sympistis youngi is a medium-sized (FW length 14 - 18 mm) moth with an even gray forewings with thick smooth transverse lines, thin black spots, and an orange tint to the median area, head, and collar, that flies in dry forests during late summer and fall. The wing is slightly lighter gray basal to the antemedial line and darker gray distal to the postmedial line. The basal line is short, thin, and black. The antemedial line is thick, black, and smoothly excurved. The postmedial line is thick and black, touching the anterior and posterior reniform spot and focally pointed toward the outer margin lateral to the spot, nearly straight and perpendicular to the wing below the spot except turned toward the base at the trailing margin. The terminal area is slightly lighter than the subterminal area at the apex and concolorous elsewhere. The subterminal line is absent. The terminal line is thin and gray. The forewing fringe is even  gray-brown. The three spots are thin and black filled with the color of the median area. The orbicular spot is oval, the reniform spot is kidney-shaped. The claviform spot is variable, faint, or darker than the other spots. The hindwing is pale whitish gray in males and slightly darker in females with an ill-defined gray marginal band, gray veins with dark spots at the position of the postmedial line, and a barely visible discal spot. The terminal line is dark gray, thin. The hindwing fringe is tricolored with a yellow base, thin gray median line, with a white edge. The head and collar are orange-brown. The rest of the thorax is even gray. The male antenna is filiform.

This species can be recognized by its gray color, even black transverse lines, and orange flush on the median area and collar. The most similar species is Sympistis chorda. It has darker gray on the distal wing, lacks the convex segment of the postmedial line near the reniform spot, lacks orange tints, and lacks black outlines on the forewing spots.

The type locality of Oncocnemis youngi is British Columbia, Departure Bay Biological Station.

Habitat

This species is common and widely distributed in moist forests at low to middle elevations in the Coast Range, Cascades, and Siskiyou Mountains including coastal rainforests, mixed hardwood forests at low elevations, and mixed hardwood-conifer forests at middle elevations in the mountains.  Eastward, it occurs in mixed hardwood-conifer forests of the Rocky Mountain region.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Sympistis youngi is most widespread and common east of the Cascade and Coast Range Divides. It has been collected often along the east slope of the Cascades, in the Blue Mountains, and north of the Columbia Plateau in Washington.  It is more localized in southern British Columbia where it has been found near Lillooet and on Vancouver Island. It is more widespread west of the Cascades in Oregon. Sympistis youngi has only been found in the northern Panhandle in Idaho.

Global

This species is found in California outside of our region.

Life History

Larvae

This species is a foodplant specialist feeding on ocean spray (Holodiscus discolor) in the Rosaceae.

Adults

Sympistis youngi has a fairly long flight season for a Sympistis and has been collected from late June through September in the Northwest. It is most commonly encountered from late July through August. This species is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

BugGuide

Miller & Hammond (2003)

Moth Photographers Group