Sympistis sandaraca (Buckett & Bauer, 1967)

93-1866

Identification

Adults

Sympistis sandaraca is a mottled reddish gray-brown to orange-brown medium-sized moth (FW length 15–16 mm) with an cream to orange-ochre hindwing with a dark postmedial line and black marginal band that flies in the Cascade mountains and adjacent steppe in late summer and fall. The forewing color is darkest orange in the the mountains of Oregon and becomes lighter toward the north, especially in open steppe. It is mottled with gray, darkest in the median area and lateral subterminal area. The basal, antemedial, and postmedial lines are gray, double filled with a slightly lighter shade of the ground color. The slightly irregular antemedial line is slanted slightly toward the outer margin. The postmedial line is scalloped, focally excurved around the reniform spot and straight at a strong slant toward the base below the level of the cell. The dark median line is prominent in most specimens. The subterminal line is pale, similar to the filling of the other lines, moderately irregular in course and preceded by a gray shade that is as dark as the median line. The fringe is of the ground color. The orbicular and reniform spots are faintly outlined in gray, filled with pale ground color peripherally and darker gray centrally. The claviform spot is very faint, evident as a lighter spot in the medial fold. The hindwing is cream, ochre, or orange-tinted ochre with gray basal suffusion, an irregular gray median band that is incorporates the discal spot, and a well-defined even-width black marginal band. The hindwing fringe is tricolored, white with a striped orange and gray base. The head and thorax match the forewing color. The male antenna is filiform.

This moth can be identified by its mottled brown forewing and black-banded cream to orange-ochre hindwing. It is most likely to be confused with Sympistis hayesi, a less common moth that flies in southeastern Oregon and southern Idaho. It has a bright yellow hindwing without dark markings near the base.

Populations of S. sandaraca are geographically variable in the Pacific Northwest.  Specimens from more mesic environments such as in the Cascade Range or Oregon are rich orange-toned, while those from drier localities are much paler whitish-yellow.  This has resulted in the paler ones being misidentified as Sympistis melantho in the past.  However, Sympistis melantho is restricted to California.

Habitat

This species is found on barren, rocky ridgetops at high elevations in the mountains of western Oregon and Washington. It also occurs in juniper woodlands along the east slope of the Cascades at middle elevations in central Oregon and in sage steppe in the Columbia Basin.  It is usually rare and sporadic, but may be locally common.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

In the Northwest this moth is most common near the Cascade Mountains. It has been found west of the mountains in Oregon and along the east slope in Washington.  There are only a few scattered records from further east, including in southeastern British Columbia, southeastern Washington, and west-central Idaho.

Global

This species is found throughout much of California south of the Northwest. It also occurs in the Rocky Mountains, with records from southwestern Alberta to Colorado.

Life History

Larvae

No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants for this species, but it is suspected to feed on prostrate rock penstemons (Penstemon spp.) in the Scrophulariaceae based upon the habitat.

Adults

This species first appears in August and flies through September. It is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

Buckett and Bauer (1967)

Moth Photographers Group