Sympistis coprocolor (Troubridge & Crabo, (1999))

93-1793

Identification

Adults

Sympistis coprocolor is a small to medium-sized brown moth (FW length 14 -15 mm) with a pattern of black dots and carbide-like granular suffusion in the basal and distal wings and a light gray-brown and black hindwing that flies in a variety of habitats during early to mid-summer. The ground color is medium-dark gray brown to warm wood brown, lighter and grayer in more xeric locales. The antemedial, median, postmedial, and terminal lines area series of black dots on the veins, limited to the portion of the wing posterior to the cell proximal to outer margin, and gray marks on the costa. The posterior basal area and the distal wing beyond the postmedial line are covered in powdery black. The fringe is checkered brown and gray. The orbicular and reniform spots are thinly outlined in brown and filled with the ground or slightly lighter brown. The orbicular spot is oval or teardrop-shaped and the reniform spot is broadly ovoid. No claviform spot is evident. The hindwing ground color is light gray-brown with slightly darker gray discal spot and veins. The marginal band is dark gray to black and the terminal line is thin and black. The fringe is cream with a brown base. The head is a mixture of cream and blue-gray scales. The thorax posterior to the collar is brown with powdery black scales. The collar is light brown with gray basal and brown terminal transverse lines. The male antenna is filiform.

This species is the only moth in our area with a brown forewing marked with black dots and suffusion on the posterior and terminal portions of the wing and a light brown hindwing with a wide black marginal band.

The type locality of Oncocnemis coprocolor Troubridge and Crabo is Canada, British Columbia, BC Hydro Dam, E. end of Seton Lake.

Habitat

This species appears to have a wide distribution in western North America, using dry short-grass prairie on the Great Plains, dry sagebrush steppe in the Great Basin at low elevations, open forest and ridgetops at middle elevations, and even alkali deserts with dunes. It is closely associated with the beardtongue Penstemon fruticosus which is the suspected foodplant.  This moth is usually rare and sporadic in distribution but can be locally common.

Distribution

Pacific Northwest

Sympistis coprocolor is found east of the Coast Range and Cascade crests as far north as the vicinity of Lillooet in southwestern British Columbia. It has been collected along the east slope of the Cascades, in the western Columbia Basin, and Blue Mountains in Washington.  It also flies in the Wasatch Range of southeastern Idaho.  In Oregon it is known from desert dunes in Lake County.

Global

The range of this species outside the Pacific Northwest extends eastward to the short-grass prairies of the Great Plains in eastern Wyoming and western Nebraska. A specimen in the type series was collected in Colorado.

Life History

Larvae

No information is presently available regarding larval foodplants of this species, but the foodplant is strongly suspected to be the beardtongue Penstemon fruticosus in the Scrophulariaceae based upon the habitat association.

Adults

Adults of this moth appear relatively early for the genus at some localities.  It has been found as early as mid-May.  The flight season extends until August and is latest at the highest elevations.  Sympistis coprocolor is nocturnal and comes to lights.

Economic Importance

None.

Literature

Moth Photographers Group

Troubridge and Crabo (1998)